STATUS OF CATFISH DISTRIBUTION AND PROTECTION IN ALWARA LAKE, KAUSHAMBI DISTRICT (U.P.)
The natural resources are badly exploited by humans due to scientific and technological development. So there arises the need of the conservation of the natural resources. The conservation of environmental resources refers to management of human use of biosphere so that it yields maximum sustainable benefit to the present generation while maintaining its potential to meet the requirements of the future generations. A good index of stable, rising, dynamic and economically productive water bodies is the diversity of fish. An attempt was made to research the fish fauna that naturally occurred during all 12 months of 2014 in Alwara lake in Kaushambi district, Uttar Pradesh. A total of 89 fish species belonging to 45 genera, 21 families and 9 orders were described during the exploration. Of these, 18 species of catfish belonging to 6 families of the Siluriformes order have been reported. According to the latest edition of the IUCN Red List, 3 out of 18 species of catfish known are protected by the NTT (near threatened), 12 are NE (not evaluated) under LC (least concern) and 3 species so far..