TEACHER EDUCATION SYSTEM IN INDIA AFTER INDEPENDENCE
Teacher education refers to the policies, procedures, and provision designed to equip teachers with necessary knowledge, attitudes, behaviours and skills. They need to perform their tasks effectively in the classroom, school and wider community. The teacher educators prepare quality teachers who in turn improve the quality of school education and also enhance the learning level of children. Every concerned person talks about quality education and it is not possible without the proper training of the teachers. Thus the growth and progress of teacher educating systems are very much important. For this, there have been reforms for preparing quality teachers. Programs, plans, and policies have been devised to achieve quality. In India, teacher education has always been recognized as one of the most crucial means of social and national development. This view has been reflected by several commissions and committees after independence. The Government of India set up many commissions and committees from time to time for addressing different issues of general education as well as teacher education. After independence efforts were made to tackle the emerging problem of access, quality and relevance of the teacher education system in the country. This paper elaborates the growth and progress of the teacher education system and reviews related reforms in India after independence.