NUTRITIONAL COMPOSITION & ANTI-NUTRITIONAL CONTENT OF RAGI BASED AMYLASE RICH PREMIXES
Traditionally complementary foods are too dilute for appropriate energy and nutrient density hence not able to support adequate growth and development in case of infant and young children. Hence it is important to improve nutrient density of complementary feeds by application of household processing techniques like germination. Ragi can be one of the healthier option for development of such premixes for addressing the twin problem of dietary bulk as well a poor energy density of most of the weaning gruels. Hence in present research Ragi based Amylase rich Premixes were developed by germination grains for 24 hrs, 36 hrs, and 48 hrs. Two differnts sets of premixes were developed one by incorporating Mung and other Moth. Standardized techniques were used for estimating Nutrient Composition, Anti-nutritional content and enzymatic activity (AOAC, 2005). Results are as follows: For Ragi Mung Based RMU (Standard); Protein (25.3g/100g), iron (7.06mg/100g) and calcium (259.6mg/100g), for RMU I (24 hr) protein (14.86g/100g), fat (2.80g/100g), Iron (5.6mg/100g), Calcium (244gm/100g), RMU II (36 hrs) protein (18.06g/100g), fat (2.66g/100g), Iron (5.93mg/100g), calcium (252mg/100g), RMU III (48 hrs) protein (25.3g/100g), fat (2.63g/100g) Iron (7.06mg/100g), Calcium (259.6mg/100g) On Similar grounds RMO Standard had protein (11.36g/100g), fat (2.03g/100g), Iron (5.60/100g), calcium (248.1mg/100g),RMO I (24 hrs); protein (15.46g/100g), fat (1.46g/100g), iron (7.0mg/100g), calcium (254mg/100g). RMO II (36 hrs); protein (17.1g/100g), fat (1.26g/100g), Iron (7.6mg/100g), calcium (259.86mg/100g) RMO III (48 hrs) protein (21.8g/100g) fat (1.23g/100g), iron (8.66mg/100g), calcium (263mg/100g). However there was significant reduction in Anti-nutrient content and enhancement of enzymatic activity.