A Study of Constructivist Approach of Teaching and its Impact on Mathematics Learning
Constructivism is a view of learning based on the belief that knowledge is not a thing that can be simply transmitted by the teacher to students. The theory of constructivism is based on the idea that children learn better by actively constructing knowledge and by the reconciling new information with prior knowledge. The National Curriculum Framework-2005 advocates the new and innovative pedagogy i.e. Constructivist approach of teaching in the school for nurturing the students' talent and innate ability. So the present study is an attempt to find out the awareness of teachers about the concept of the constructivist approach of teaching, practices of constructivist approach, factors influencing the practices of the constructivist approach and its impact on Mathematics learning at elementary level school. For the investigation, an interview schedule and observation schedule were prepared by the researcher. The sample consisted of 100 school teachers from 50 government schools of Darbhanga district. The result of the study revealed that the teachers are not very much familiar with this approach while some of the teachers are never heard the name of this approach. Apart from these things, the teachers who are trained are familiar and practiced the constructivist approach in the classroom. After the analysis of response and observation, it is found that the factors influencing the practices of constructivist approach are untrained teachers, lack of proper training of constructivist approach, the effort of teacher and extra work other than teaching. On the part of mathematics learning, it is also observed that there is an improvement in mathematics learning where the constructivist approach is practiced in the classroom.